On This Day, 11th July.

1804: Duel between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton
Outraged over disparaging remarks that Alexander Hamilton had allegedly made at a dinner party, Aaron Burr  challenged his longtime rival to a duel, and on this day in 1804 he fatally shot Hamilton in Weehawken, New Jersey.

American first lady (1963–69) and environmentalist Lady Bird Johnson—the wife of Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th president of the United States—died in Texas.

British actor Laurence Olivier, arguably the greatest English-speaking actor of the 20th century, died near London.

American author Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird was published and became a classic, noted for its sensitive treatment of a child's awakening to racism and prejudice in the South.


The U.S. Air Force Academy  officially opened at temporary quarters at Lowry Air Force Base in Denver, Colorado.

Leon Spinks, who, like his brother Michael, won a world boxing title—the first set of brothers to do so—was born in St. Louis, Missouri.

The Triborough Bridge (later renamed the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge), designed by David Barnard Steinman, opened in New York City.

Australian politician Gough Whitlam—who served as his country's prime minister from 1972 until 1975, when he was dismissed by the governor-general—was born in Kew, Victoria.

George Herman (“Babe”) Ruth  played in his first major league baseball game, for the Boston Red Sox.

Angered by unfair practices in Civil War conscription, New York City workers rioted and attacked draft headquarters.

The U.S. Marine Corps, originally established in 1775, was formally reestablished.

In the Battle of the Golden Spurs, an untrained Flemish infantry militia defeated a professional force of French and patrician Flemish cavalry, thus halting the growth of French control over Belgium.

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