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ON THIS DAY

December 12 is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 19 days remain until the end of the year. Events 6...

December 12 is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 19 days remain until the end of the year.

Events
627 – Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II's Persian forces, commanded by General Rhahzadh.

884 – King Carloman II dies after a hunting  accident.

1388 – Maria of Enghien sells the lordship of Argos and Nauplia to the Republic of Venice.

1862 – American Civil War: USS Cairo sinks on the Yazoo River.

1866 – Oaks explosion: The worst mining disaster in England kills 361 miners and rescuers.

1870 – Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina  becomes the second black U.S. congressman.

1901 – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal (the letter "S" [***] in Morse Code), at Signal Hill in St John's, Newfoundland.

1917 – Father Edward J. Flanagan founds Boys Town as a farm village for wayward boys.

1935 – Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction program, is founded by Heinrich Himmler.

1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: USS Panay incident: Japanese aircraft bomb and sink U.S. gunboat USS Panay on the Yangtze river in China.

1939 – HMS Duchess sinks after a collision with HMS Barham off the coast of Scotland with the loss of 124 men.

1941 – World War II: Fifty-four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field, Philippines. Jesús Villamor and four Filipino  fighter pilots fend them off; César Basa is killed.

1941 – Adolf Hitler declares the imminent extermination of the Jews at a meeting in the Reich Chancellery.

1945 – The People's Republic of Korea is outlawed in the South, by order of the United States Army Military Government in Korea.

1946 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 13 relating to acceptance of Siam to United Nations is adopted.

1956 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 121 relating to acceptance of Japan to United Nations is adopted.

1979 – The 8.2 Mw  Tumaco earthquake  shakes Colombia and Ecuador with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 300–600, and generating a large tsunami.

1985 – Arrow Air Flight 1285, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8, crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland, killing all 256 people on board, including 236 members of the United States Army's 101st Airborne Division.

1988 – The Clapham Junction rail crash  kills thirty-five and injures hundreds after two collisions of three commuter trains—one of the worst train crashes in the United Kingdom.

2000 – The United States Supreme Court  releases its decision in Bush v. Gore.

2001 – Prime Minister of Vietnam Phan Văn Khải announces the decision on upgrading the Phong Nha–Kẻ Bàng nature reserve to a national park, providing information on projects for the conservation and development of the park and revised maps.

2012 – North Korea successfully launches its first satellite, Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2.

2015 – The Paris Agreement relating to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is adopted.

Births
1526 – Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish admiral (d. 1588)

1685 – Lodovico Giustini, Italian pianist and composer (d. 1743)

1724 – Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, English admiral and politician (d. 1816)

1786 – William L. Marcy, American lawyer, judge, and politician, 21st United States Secretary of State (d. 1857)

1799 – Karl Bryullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)

1805 – Henry Wells, American businessman, co-founded Wells Fargo and American Express (d. 1878)

1806 – Stand Watie, American general (d. 1871)

1812 – John Sandfield Macdonald, Canadian lawyer and politician, 1st Premier of Ontario (d. 1872)

1821 – Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (d. 1880)

1830 – Joseph Orville Shelby, Confederate general (d. 1897)

1842 – Adolf Bötticher, German journalist and historian (d. 1901)

1845 – Bruce Price, American architect, designed the American Surety Building and Bank of the Metropolis (d. 1903)

1866 – Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1919)

1870 – Walter Benona Sharp, American businessman, co-founded Hughes Tool Company (d. 1912)

1876 – Alvin Kraenzlein, American hurdler and runner (d. 1928)

1881 – Louise Thuliez, French school teacher, resistance fighter during World War I and World War II and author (d. 1966)

1893 – Edward G. Robinson, American actor (d. 1973)

1901 – Harald Kaarmann, Estonian footballer (d. 1942)

1907 – Roy Douglas, English pianist and composer (d. 2015)

1912 – Henry Armstrong, American boxer (d. 1988)

1915 – Frank Sinatra, American singer, actor, and producer (d. 1998)

1918 – Joe Williams, American singer and pianist (d. 1999)

1920 – Josef Doležal, Czech race walker (d. 1999)

1923 – Bob Barker, American game show host and producer

1923 – Bob Dorough, American musician, composer, and producer (d. 2018)

1925 – Ted Kennedy, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2009)

1925 – Dattu Phadkar, Indian cricketer (d. 1985)

1925 – Vladimir Shainsky, Ukrainian-Russian pianist and composer (d. 2017)

1927 – Robert Noyce, American inventor and businessman, co-founded the Intel Corporation (d. 1990)

1928 – Helen Frankenthaler, American painter and academic (d. 2011)

1929 – Toshiko Akiyoshi, Japanese pianist and composer

1932 – Bob Pettit, American basketball player and coach

1933 – Christa Stubnick, German sprinter

1934 – Miguel de la Madrid, Mexican lawyer and politician, 52nd President of Mexico (d. 2012)

1936 – Iolanda Balaș, Romanian high jumper and educator (d. 2016)

1937 – Philip Ledger, English pianist, composer, and academic (d. 2012)

1940 – Sharad Pawar, Indian politician, Indian Minister of Agriculture

1943 – Grover Washington, Jr., American singer-songwriter, saxophonist, and producer (d. 1999)

1945 – Tony Williams, American drummer, composer, and producer (d. 1997)

1947 – Chris Mullin, English journalist and politician

1948 – Colin Todd, English football player and coach

1949 – Bill Nighy, English actor

1949 – Marc Ravalomanana, Malagasy businessman and politician, President of Madagascar

1950 – Pedro Ferriz de Con, Mexican journalist

1950 – Heiner Flassbeck, German economist and academic

1950 – Gorman Thomas, American baseball player

1950 – Rajinikanth, Indian actor

1950 – Billy Smith, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager

1951 – Rehman Malik, Pakistani politician, Pakistani Minister of Interior

1952 – Cathy Rigby, American gymnast

1953 – Martin Ferguson, Australian lawyer and politician

1953 – Rafael Septién, Mexican-American football player

1955 – Eddy Schepers, Belgian cyclist

1956 – Johan van der Velde, Dutch cyclist

1960 – Martina Hellmann, German discus thrower

1961 – Andrey Perlov, Russian race walker

1962 – Tracy Austin, American tennis player and sportscaster

1962 – Arturo Barrios, Mexican-American runner

1962 – Mike Golic, American football player and radio host

1963 – Eduardo Castro Luque, Mexican businessman and politician(d. 2012)

1964 – Haywood Jeffires, American football player and coach

1967 – John Randle, American football player

1968 – Sašo Udovič, Slovenian footballer

1969 – Wilfred Kirochi, Kenyan runner

1969 – Fiona May, English-Italian long jumper

1969 – Michael Möllenbeck, German discus thrower

1971 – Sammy Korir, Kenyan runner

1972 – Nicky Eaden, English footballer and coach

1972 – Craig Field, Australian rugby league player

1972 – Wilson Kipketer, Kenyan-Danish runner

1972 – Georgios Theodoridis, Greek sprinter

1974 – Bernard Lagat, Kenyan-American runner

1974 – Nolberto Solano, Peruvian footballer and manager

1975 – Craig Moore, Australian footballer and manager

1977 – Yoel Hernández, Cuban hurdler

1977 – Dean Macey, English decathlete and bobsledder

1977 – Colin White, Canadian ice hockey player

1979 – Nate Clements, American football player

1979 – John Salmons, American basketball player

1980 – Dejene Berhanu, Ethiopian runner (d. 2010)

1980 – Dorin Goian, Romanian footballer

1981 – Pedro Ríos, Spanish footballer

1981 – Yuvraj Singh, Indian cricketer

1981 – Stephen Warnock, English footballer

1982 – Dmitry Tursunov, Russian tennis player

1983 – Roni Porokara, Finnish footballer

1984 – Daniel Agger, Danish footballer

1985 – Pat Calathes, Greek-American basketball player

1986 – Daddy Birori, Rwandan footballer

1986 – Përparim Hetemaj, Finnish footballer

1986 – Nina Kolarič, Slovenian long jumper

1986 – T. J. Ward, American football player

1988 – Isaac John, New Zealand rugby league player

1990 – Nixon Chepseba, Kenyan runner

1990 – Dawin, American singer-songwriter

1991 – Joseph Leilua, Australian-Samoan rugby league player

1993 – Zeli Ismail, English footballer

1994 – Otto Warmbier, American student imprisoned in North Korea (d. 2017)

Deaths
1296 – Isabella of Mar, first wife of Robert Bruce VII (b. 1277)

1572 – Loredana Marcello, Dogaressa of Venice, botanist, author

1751 – Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English philosopher and politician, Secretary at War (b. 1678)

1766 – Johann Christoph Gottsched, German philosopher, author, and critic (b. 1700)

1794 – Meshullam Feivush Heller, Ukrainian author (b. 1742)

1803 – Prince Frederick Adolf of Sweden  (b. 1750)

1858 – Jacques Viger, Canadian archeologist and politician, 1st Mayor of Montreal (b. 1787)

1889 – Viktor Bunyakovsky, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and theorist (b. 1804)

1894 – John Sparrow David Thompson, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1845)

1913 – Menelik II, Ethiopian emperor (b. 1844)

1921 – Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer and academic (b. 1868)

1923 – Raymond Radiguet, French author and poet (b. 1903)

1934 – Thorleif Haug, Norwegian skier (b. 1894)

1939 – Douglas Fairbanks, Sr., American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1883)

1941 – César Basa, Filipino lieutenant and pilot (b. 1915)

1951 – Mildred Bailey, American singer (b. 1907)

1958 – Albert Walsh, Canadian lawyer and politician, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland (b. 1900)

1966 – Karl Ruberl, Austrian-American swimmer (b. 1880)

1968 – Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (b. 1902)

1970 – Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (b. 1889)

1975 – Richard Baggallay, English colonel and cricketer (b. 1884)

1980 – Jean Lesage, Canadian lawyer and politician, 19th Premier of Quebec (b. 1912)

1985 – Anne Baxter, American actress (b. 1923)

1993 – József Antall, Hungarian historian and politician, 35th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1932)

1994 – Stuart Roosa, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (b. 1933)

1996 – Vance Packard, American journalist, author, and critic (b. 1914)

1997 – Evgenii Landis, Ukrainian-Russian mathematician and academic (b. 1921)

1998 – Lawton Chiles, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 41st Governor of Florida (b. 1930)

1998 – Morris Udall, American captain and politician (b. 1922)

1999 – Paul Cadmus, American painter and illustrator (b. 1904)

1999 – Joseph Heller, American novelist, short story writer, and playwright(b. 1923)

2001 – Ardito Desio, Italian geologist and explorer (b. 1897)

2002 – Dee Brown, American historian and author (b. 1908)

2003 – Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijani general and politician, 3rd President of Azerbaijan  (b. 1923)

2005 – Robert Newmyer, American actor and producer (b. 1956)

2005 – Annette Stroyberg, Danish actress (b. 1936)

2005 – Gebran Tueni, Lebanese journalist and politician (b. 1957)

2006 – Paul Arizin, American basketball player (b. 1928)

2006 – Peter Boyle, American actor (b. 1935)

2006 – Alan Shugart, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Seagate Technology (b. 1930)

2007 – François al-Hajj, Lebanese general (b. 1953)

2007 – Ike Turner, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1931)

2008 – Avery Dulles, American cardinal and theologian (b. 1918)

2008 – Van Johnson, American actor (b. 1916)

2010 – Tom Walkinshaw, Scottish race car driver, founded Tom Walkinshaw Racing (b. 1946)

2012 – Joe Allbritton, American banker, publisher, and philanthropist, founded the Allbritton Communications Company (b. 1924)

2012 – David Tait, English rugby player (b. 1987)

2013 – Abdul Quader Molla, Bangladeshi journalist and politician (b. 1948)

2013 – Audrey Totter, American actress (b. 1917)

2014 – Norman Bridwell, American author and illustrator, created Clifford the Big Red Dog (b. 1928)

2014 – Ivor Grattan-Guinness, English mathematician, historian, and academic (b. 1941)

2014 – Herb Plews, American baseball player (b. 1928)

2015 – Frans Geurtsen, Dutch footballer (b. 1942)

2015 – Evelyn S. Lieberman, American politician, White House Deputy Chief of Staff (b. 1944)

2016 – Shirley Hazzard, Australian-American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1931)

2017 – Ed Lee, American politician and attorney, 43rd Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1952)

2017 – Pat DiNizio, American singer and songwriter (b. 1955)

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