On This Day

March 29 is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 277 days remain until the end of the year.

Events
845 – Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.

1430 – The Ottoman Empire under Murad II captures Thessalonica from the Republic of Venice.

1461 – Battle of Towton: Edward of York  defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England, bringing a temporary stop to the Wars of the Roses.

1500 – Cesare Borgia is given the title of Captain General and Gonfalonier by his father Rodrigo Borgia after returning from his conquests in the Romagna.

1549 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, is founded.

1632 – Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed returning Quebec to French control after the English had seized it in 1629.

1792 – King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade ball at Stockholm's Royal Opera 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.

1806 – Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.

1809 – King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.

1831 – Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniaks  rebel against Turkey.

1847 – Mexican–American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott  take Veracruz after a siege.

1849 – The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab.

1857 – Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry mutinies against the East India Company's rule in India and inspires the protracted Indian Rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.

1865 – American Civil War: Federal forces under Major General Philip Sheridan move to flank Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee as the Appomattox Campaign begins.

1867 – Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent  to the British North America Act which establishes Canada on July 1.

1871 – Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.

1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.

1882 – The Knights of Columbus is established.

1886 – John Pemberton brews the first batch of Coca-Cola in a backyard in Atlanta.

1911 – The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm.

1927 – Sunbeam 1000hp breaks the land speed record at Daytona Beach, Florida.

1930 – Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.

1936 – The 1936 German parliamentary election and referendum seeks approval for the recent remilitarization of the Rhineland.

1941 – The North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement goes into effect at 03:00 local time.

1941 – World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces defeat those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesian coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.

1942 – The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II is the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.

1945 – World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.

1945 – World War II: The German 4th Army  is almost destroyed by the Soviet Red Army.

1946 – Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México, one of Mexico's leading universities, is founded.

1947 – Malagasy Uprising against French colonial rule in Madagascar.

1951 – Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.

1957 – The New York, Ontario and Western Railway makes its final run, the first major U.S. railroad to be abandoned in its entirety.

1961 – The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, D.C., to vote in presidential elections.

1962 – Arturo Frondizi, the president of Argentina, is overthrown in a military coup  by Argentina's armed forces, ending an 11​1⁄2 day constitutional crisis.

1971 – My Lai Massacre: Lieutenant William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.

1973 – Vietnam War: The last United States combat soldiers leave South Vietnam.

1973 – Operation Barrel Roll, a covert American bombing campaign in Laos to stop communist infiltration of South Vietnam, ends.

1974 – NASA's Mariner 10 becomes the first space probe to fly by Mercury.

1974 – Terracotta Army was discovered in Shaanxi province, China.

1982 – The Canada Act 1982 receives the Royal Assent from Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada  to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982.

1984 – The Baltimore Colts load its possessions onto fifteen Mayflower moving trucks in the early morning hours and transfer its operations to Indianapolis.

1990 – The Czechoslovak parliament is unable to reach an agreement on what to call the country after the fall of Communism, sparking the so-called Hyphen War.

1993 – Catherine Callbeck becomes premier of Prince Edward Island and the first woman to be elected in a general election as premier of a Canadian province.

1999 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average  closes above the 10,000 mark (10,006.78) for the first time, during the height of the dot-com bubble.

1999 – A magnitude 6.8 earthquake in India strikes the Chamoli district in Uttar Pradesh, killing 103.

2002 – In reaction to the Passover massacre two days prior, Israel launches Operation Defensive Shield against Palestinian militants, its largest military operation in the West Bank since the 1967 Six-Day War.

2004 – Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia join NATO  as full members.

2010 – Two suicide bombers hit the Moscow Metro system at the peak of the morning rush hour, killing 40.

2013 – At least 36 people are killed when a 16-floor building collapses in the commercial capital Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

2014 – The first same-sex marriages in England and Wales are performed.

2017 – Prime Minister Theresa May invokes Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, formally beginning the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union. 

Births
1001 – Sokkate, king of the Pagan dynasty  of Burma (d. 1044)

1187 – Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (d. 1203)

1373 – Marie d'Alençon, French princess (d. 1417)

1517 – Carlo Carafa, Italian cardinal (d. 1561)

1553 – Vitsentzos Kornaros, Greek poet and playwright (d. 1614)

1561 – Santorio Santorio, Italian biologist (d. 1636)

1584 – Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general and politician (d. 1648)

1602 – John Lightfoot, English priest, scholar, and academic (d. 1675)

1620 – Edward Digges, English barrister and colonist

1629 – Alexis of Russia, Tsar of Russia (d. 1676)

1713 – John Ponsonby, Irish politician (d. 1789)

1735 – Johann Karl August Musäus, German author (d. 1787)

1747 – Johann Wilhelm Hässler, German pianist and composer (d. 1822)

1769 – Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult, French general and politician, 12th Prime Minister of France (d. 1851)

1780 – Jørgen Jørgensen, Danish adventurer (d. 1841)

1790 – John Tyler, American lawyer and politician, 10th President of the United States (d. 1862)

1799 – Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1869)

1802 – Johann Moritz Rugendas, German landscape painter of Spanish America (d. 1858)

1816 – 10th Dalai Lama (d. 1837)

1824 – Ludwig Büchner, German physiologist, physician, and philosopher (d. 1899)

1826 – Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist and politician (d. 1900)

1862 – Adolfo Müller-Ury, Swiss-American painter (d. 1947)

1863 – Walter James, Australian politician, 5th Premier of Western Australia (d. 1943)

1867 – Cy Young, American baseball player and manager (d. 1955)

1869 – Aleš Hrdlička, Czech-American anthropologist and scholar (d. 1943)

1869 – Sir Edwin Lutyens, British architect (d. 1944)

1870 – Pavlos Melas, French-Greek captain (d. 1904)

1871 – Tom Hayward, English cricketer (d. 1939)

1872 – Hal Colebatch, English-Australian politician, 12th Premier of Western Australia  (d. 1953)

1873 – Tullio Levi-Civita, Jewish-Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1941)

1874 – Lou Henry Hoover, American wife of Herbert Hoover, 33rd First Lady of the United States (d. 1944)

1876 – Friedrich Traun, German sprinter and tennis player (d. 1908)

1884 – Ed Archibald, Canadian pole vaulter (d. 1965)

1885 – Dezső Kosztolányi, Hungarian author and poet (d. 1936)

1888 – Enea Bossi, Sr., Italian-American engineer, designed the Budd BB-1 Pioneer  and Bossi-Bonomi Pedaliante (d. 1963)

1889 – Warner Baxter, American actor (d. 1951)

1889 – Howard Lindsay, American producer, playwright, librettist, director and actor (d. 1968)

1890 – Bert Bliss, English international footballer, inside forward (d. 1968)

1891 – Yvan Goll, French-German poet and playwright (d. 1950)

1891 – Alfred Neubauer, Austrian race car driver and manager (d. 1980)

1892 – József Mindszenty, Hungarian cardinal (d. 1975)

1893 – Astrid Holm, Danish actress (d. 1961)

1895 – Ernst Jünger, German philosopher and author (d. 1998)

1896 – Wilhelm Ackermann, German mathematician (d. 1962)

1899 – Lavrentiy Beria, Georgian-Russian general and politician (d. 1953)

1900 – Bill Aston, English race car driver (d. 1974)

1900 – John McEwen, Australian farmer and politician, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)

1902 – Marcel Aymé, French author, playwright, and screenwriter (d. 1967)

1902 – Don Miller, American football player and coach (d. 1979)

1902 – William Walton, English composer (d. 1983)

1903 – Douglas Harkness, Canadian colonel and politician, 14th Canadian Minister of National Defence (d. 1999)

1906 – James Bausch, American decathlete and football player (d. 1974)

1907 – Braguinha, Brazilian singer-songwriter and producer (d. 2006)

1908 – Arthur O'Connell, American actor (d. 1981)

1908 – Dennis O'Keefe, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1968)

1909 – Moon Mullican, American country and western singer-songwriter and pianist (d. 1967)

1912 – Hanna Reitsch, German soldier and pilot (d. 1979)

1914 – Phil Foster, American actor (d. 1985)

1914 – Chapman Pincher, Indian-English historian, journalist, and author (d. 2014)

1916 – Peter Geach, English philosopher and academic (d. 2013)

1916 – Eugene McCarthy, American poet and politician (d. 2005)

1917 – Tommy Holmes, American baseball player (d. 2008)

1918 – Pearl Bailey, American actress and singer (d. 1990)

1918 – Lê Văn Thiêm, Vietnamese mathematician and academic (d. 1991)

1918 – Sam Walton, American businessman, founded Walmart and Sam's Club (d. 1992)

1919 – Eileen Heckart, American actress (d. 2001)

1920 – John M. Belk, American businessman and politician (d. 2007)

1920 – Clarke Fraser, American-Canadian geneticist and academic (d. 2014)

1920 – Pierre Moinot, French author (d. 2007)

1920 – Theodore Trautwein, American lawyer and judge (d. 2000)

1921 – Sam Loxton, Australian cricketer, footballer, and politician (d. 2011)

1923 – Geoff Duke, English-Manx motorcycle racer (d. 2015)

1923 – Betty Binns Fletcher, American lawyer and judge (d. 2012)

1923 – Bob Haymes, American singer-songwriter, and actor (d. 1989)

1926 – Moshe Sanbar, Hungarian-Israeli banker and economist (d. 2012)

1927 – John McLaughlin, American journalist and producer (d. 2016)

1927 – John Vane, English pharmacologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)

1928 – Romesh Bhandari, Pakistani-Indian politician, 13th Foreign Secretary of India  (d. 2013)

1928 – Keith Botsford, Belgian-American journalist, author, and academic (d. 2018)

1928 – Vincent Gigante, American boxer and mobster (d. 2005)

1929 – Sheila Kitzinger, English activist, author, and academic (d. 2015)

1929 – Richard Lewontin, American biologist, geneticist, and academic

1929 – Lennart Meri, Estonian director and politician, 2nd President of Estonia (d. 2006)

1929 – Utpal Dutt, Indian Bengali actor, director and playwright (d. 1993)

1930 – Anerood Jugnauth, Mauritian lawyer and politician, 4th President of Mauritius

1931 – Ștefan Andrei, Romanian politician, 87th Romanian Minister of Foreign Affairs  (d. 2014)

1931 – Sopubek Begaliev, Kyrgyzstani economist and politician (d. 2002)

1931 – Aleksei Gubarev, Russian general, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2015)

1931 – Norman Tebbit, English journalist and politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

1933 – Jacques Brault, Canadian poet and academic

1934 – Shahryar Khan, Indian-Pakistani politician and diplomat, 20th Foreign Secretary of Pakistan

1936 – Richard Rodney Bennett, English-American composer and educator (d. 2012)

1936 – Mogens Camre, Danish politician (d. 2016)

1936 – John A. Durkin, American lawyer and politician (d. 2012)

1936 – Judith Guest, American author and screenwriter

1936 – Joseph P. Teasdale, American lawyer and politician, 48th Governor of Missouri (d. 2014)

1937 – Roberto Chabet, Filipino painter and sculptor (d. 2013)

1937 – Smarck Michel, Haitian businessman and politician, 6th Prime Minister of Haiti (d. 2012)

1937 – Gordon Milne, English footballer

1938 – Bert de Vries, Dutch politician

1939 – Roland Arnall, French-American businessman and diplomat, 63rd United States Ambassador to the Netherlands (d. 2008)

1939 – Terence Hill, Italian actor, director, and producer

1939 – Hanumant Singh, Indian cricketer (d. 2006)

1940 – Ray Davis, American bass singer (d. 2005)

1940 – Astrud Gilberto, Brazilian singer-songwriter

1940 – John Suchet, English journalist and game show host

1941 – Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr., American astrophysicist and astronomer, Nobel Prize  laureate

1942 – Bob Lurtsema, American football player

1942 – Scott Wilson, American actor (d. 2018)

1943 – Vangelis, Greek keyboard player and songwriter

1943 – Chad Allan, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist

1943 – Eric Idle, English actor and comedian

1943 – John Major, English banker and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

1944 – Terry Jacks, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer

1944 – Denny McLain, American baseball player and sportscaster

1944 – Lynne Segal, Australian-British feminist academic and activist

1945 – Walt Frazier, American basketball player and sportscaster

1945 – Speedy Keen, English singer-songwriter, keyboard player, and producer (d. 2002)

1946 – Billy Thorpe, English-Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2007)

1946 – Segun Bucknor, Nigerian musician and journalist (d. 2017)

1947 – Inge Bödding, German sprinter

1947 – Robert Gordon, American singer and actor

1947 – Bobby Kimball, American singer-songwriter

1948 – Bud Cort, American actor, director, and screenwriter

1948 – Piet Souer, Dutch record producer, songwriter and arranger

1949 – Michael Brecker, American saxophonist and composer (d. 2007)

1949 – Dave Greenfield, English musician (d. 2020)

1949 – Pauline Marois, Canadian social worker and politician, 30th Premier of Quebec

1949 – Keith Simpson, English historian and politician

1951 – William Clarke, American harmonica player (d. 1996)

1951 – Geoff Howarth, New Zealand cricketer

1951 – Tina Monzon-Palma, Filipino journalist

1952 – Rainer Bonhof, German footballer

1952 – Russell Fairfax, Australian rugby player and coach

1952 – John Hendricks, American businessman, founded Discovery Communications

1952 – Teófilo Stevenson, Cuban boxer and engineer (d. 2012)

1953 – Tõnis Palts, Estonian politician, 39th Mayor of Tallinn

1955 – Earl Campbell, American football player

1955 – Brendan Gleeson, Irish actor

1955 – Marina Sirtis, British-American actress

1956 – Patty Donahue, American singer (d. 1996)

1957 – Elizabeth Hand, American author

1957 – Christopher Lambert, American-born French actor

1958 – Pedro Bial, Brazilian journalist and producer

1958 – Travis Childers, American businessman and politician

1958 – Nouriel Roubini, Turkish-American economist and academic

1958 – Victor Salva, American director, producer, and screenwriter

1958 – Marc Silvestri, American publisher, founded Top Cow Productions

1959 – Barry Blanchard, Canadian mountaineer

1959 – Perry Farrell, American singer-songwriter and musician

1959 – Brad McCrimmon, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2011)

1960 – Wayne Pearce, Australian rugby league player, coach, and sportscaster

1961 – Gary Brabham, English-Australian race car driver

1961 – Mike Kingery, American baseball player

1961 – Amy Sedaris, American actress and comedian

1961 – Michael Winterbottom, English director and producer

1962 – Billy Beane, American baseball player and manager

1962 – Ted Failon, Filipino journalist and politician

1962 – Kirk Triplett, American golfer

1964 – Catherine Cortez Masto, American attorney and politician

1964 – Jill Goodacre, American model and actress

1964 – Elle Macpherson, Australian model and actress

1964 – Ming Tsai, American chef and television host

1965 – Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic (d. 2005)

1965 – William Oefelein, American commander, pilot, and astronaut

1965 – Voula Patoulidou, Greek hurdler, long jumper, and politician

1966 – Krasimir Balakov, Bulgarian footballer and manager

1966 – Jeroen Dijsselbloem, Dutch politician

1966 – Eric Gunderson, American baseball player

1966 – Sigrid Kirchmann, Austrian high jumper

1967 – Ainars Bagatskis, Latvian basketball player and coach

1967 – Michel Hazanavicius, French director, producer, and screenwriter

1967 – Brian Jordan, American baseball player and sportscaster

1968 – Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress

1969 – Kim Batten, American hurdler

1969 – Shinichi Mochizuki, Japanese mathematician

1969 – Jimmy Spencer, American football player and coach

1971 – Robert Gibbs, American political adviser, 28th White House Press Secretary

1971 – Lara Logan, South African television and radio journalist and war correspondent

1971 – Hidetoshi Nishijima, Japanese actor

1972 – Rui Costa, Portuguese footballer

1972 – Piet-Hein Geeris, Dutch field hockey player

1972 – Alex Ochoa, Cuban-American baseball player and coach

1972 – Priti Patel, British Indian politician, Secretary of State for the Home Department

1973 – Marc Overmars, Dutch footballer and coach

1973 – Sebastiano Siviglia, Italian footballer

1973 – Steve Smith, English high jumper

1974 – Miguel Gómez, Colombian-American photographer and educator

1976 – Igor Astarloa, Spanish cyclist

1976 – Jennifer Capriati, American tennis player

1978 – Aaron Persico, New Zealand-Italian rugby player

1980 – Bill Demong, American skier

1980 – Bruno Silva, Uruguayan footballer

1981 – Jlloyd Samuel, Trinidadian footballer (d. 2018)

1982 – Jēkabs Rēdlihs, Latvian ice hockey player

1983 – Darius Draudvila, Lithuanian decathlete

1984 – Juan Mónaco, Argentinian tennis player

1985 – Fernando Amorebieta, Venezuelan international footballer, central defender

1985 – Maxim Lapierre, Canadian ice hockey player

1985 – Mickey Pimentel, American football player

1986 – Sylvan Ebanks-Blake, English footballer

1986 – Ivan Ukhov, Russian high jumper

1987 – Gianluca Freddi, Italian footballer

1987 – Dimitri Payet, French footballer

1987 – Romain Hamouma, French footballer

1988 – Esther Cremer, German runner

1988 – Jesús Molina, Mexican footballer

1988 – Jürgen Zopp, Estonian tennis player

1989 – James Tomkins, English footballer

1990 – Carlos Peña, Mexican footballer

1990 – Teemu Pukki, Finnish footballer

1990 – Lyle Taylor, English footballer

1991 – Irene, South Korean idol, actress and television host

1991 – Fabio Borini, Italian footballer

1991 – N'Golo Kanté, French footballer

1993 – Thorgan Hazard, Belgian footballer


Deaths
87 BC – Emperor Wu of Han of China (b. 157 BC)

AD 57 – Emperor Guangwu of Han (b. 5 BC)

500 – Gwynllyw, Welsh king and religious figure

1058 – Pope Stephen IX (b. 1020)

1075 – Ottokar I of Styria, German noble

1368 – Emperor Go-Murakami of Japan (b. 1328)

1461 – Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (b. 1421)

1461 – Lionel de Welles, 6th Baron Welles

1467 – Matthew Palaiologos Asen, Byzantine aristocrat and official

1578 – Louis I, Cardinal of Guise (b. 1527)

1578 – Arthur Champernowne, English admiral and politician (b. 1524)

1628 – Tobias Matthew, English archbishop and academic (b. 1546)

1629 – Jacob de Gheyn II, Dutch painter and engraver (b. 1565)

1692 – Nicolaus Bruhns, Danish-German organist, violinist, and composer (b. 1665)

1703 – George Frederick II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, (b. 1678)

1751 – Thomas Coram, English captain and philanthropist, founded Foundling Hospital  (b. 1668)

1772 – Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish astronomer, philosopher, and theologian (b. 1688)

1788 – Charles Wesley, English missionary and poet (b. 1707)

1792 – Gustav III of Sweden (b. 1746)

1800 – Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French general and engineer (b. 1714)

1803 – Gottfried van Swieten, Dutch-Austrian librarian and diplomat (b. 1733)

1826 – Johann Heinrich Voss, German poet, translator, and academic (b. 1751)

1829 – Cornelio Saavedra, Argentinian general and politician (b. 1759)

1848 – John Jacob Astor, German-American businessman (b. 1763)

1855 – Henri Druey, Swiss politician, 2nd President of the Swiss Confederation (b. 1799)

1873 – Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian priest and physicist (b. 1797)

1877 – Inazuma Raigorō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 7th Yokozuna (b. 1802)

1888 – Charles-Valentin Alkan, French pianist and composer (b. 1813)

1891 – John Plankinton, American businessman and industrialist, also noted for philanthropy (b. 1820)

1891 – Georges Seurat, French painter (b. 1859)

1900 – Cyrus K. Holliday, American businessman (b. 1826)

1905 – William Plankinton, American businessman, industrialist and banker (b. 1843)

1906 – Slava Raškaj, Croatian painter (b. 1878)

1911 – Alexandre Guilmant, French organist and composer (b. 1837)

1912 – Henry Robertson Bowers, Scottish lieutenant and explorer (b. 1883)

1912 – Robert Falcon Scott, English lieutenant and explorer (b. 1868)

1912 – Edward Adrian Wilson, English physician and explorer (b. 1872)

1924 – Charles Villiers Stanford, Irish composer and conductor (b. 1852)

1934 – Otto Hermann Kahn, German-American banker and philanthropist (b. 1867)

1937 – Karol Szymanowski, Polish pianist and composer (b. 1882)

1940 – Alexander Obolensky, Russian-English rugby player and soldier (b. 1916)

1948 – Harry Price, English parapsychologist and author (b. 1881)

1957 – Joyce Cary, Anglo-Irish novelist (b. 1888)

1959 – Barthélemy Boganda, African priest and politician, 1st Prime Minister of the Central African Republic (b. 1910)

1963 – Gaspard Fauteux, Canadian dentist and politician, 19th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1898)

1963 – August Rei, Estonian soldier, journalist, and politician, 12th Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1886)

1970 – Anna Louise Strong, American journalist and author (b. 1885)

1971 – Dhirendranath Datta, Pakistani lawyer and politician (b. 1886)

1972 – J. Arthur Rank, English businessman, founded Rank Organisation  (b. 1888)

1980 – Mantovani, Italian-English conductor and composer (b. 1905)

1981 – Eric Williams, Trinidadian historian and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (b. 1911)

1982 – Walter Hallstein, German academic and politician, 1st President of the European Commission (b. 1901)

1982 – Carl Orff, German composer and educator (b. 1895)

1982 – Nathan Farragut Twining, American general (b. 1897)

1985 – Luther Terry, American physician and academic, 9th Surgeon General of the United States (b. 1911)

1988 – Maurice Blackburn, Canadian composer and conductor (b. 1914)

1988 – Ted Kluszewski, American baseball player and coach (b. 1924)

1991 – Guy Bourdin, French photographer (b. 1928)

1992 – Paul Henreid, American actor (b. 1908)

1994 – Bill Travers, English actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1922)

1995 – Mort Meskin, American illustrator (b. 1916)

1995 – Terry Moore, American baseball player and coach (b. 1912)

1996 – Frank Daniel, Czech-American director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1926)

1996 – Bill Goldsworthy, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1944)

1997 – Hans-Walter Eigenbrodt, German footballer and coach (b. 1935)

1999 – Gyula Zsengellér, Hungarian footballer (b. 1915)

1999 – Joe Williams, American jazz singer (b. 1918)

2001 – Helge Ingstad, Norwegian lawyer, academic, and explorer (b. 1899)

2001 – John Lewis, American pianist and composer (b. 1920)

2003 – Carlo Urbani, Italian physician and microbiologist (b. 1956)

2004 – Lise de Baissac, Mauritian-born SOE agent, war hero (b. 1905)

2004 – Joel Feinberg, American philosopher and academic (b. 1926)

2005 – Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet and author (b. 1919)

2006 – Salvador Elizondo, Mexican author and poet (b. 1932)

2007 – Larry L'Estrange, English rugby player and soldier (b. 1934)

2009 – Vladimir Fedotov, Russian footballer and manager (b. 1943)

2009 – Andy Hallett, American actor and singer (b. 1975)

2011 – Ângelo de Sousa, Portuguese painter and sculptor (b. 1938)

2011 – Iakovos Kambanellis, Greek author, poet, playwright, and screenwriter (b. 1921)

2012 – Pap Cheyassin Secka, Gambian lawyer and politician (b. 1942)

2012 – Bill Jenkins, American race car driver and engineer (b. 1930)

2013 – Reginald Gray, Irish-French painter (b. 1930)

2013 – Brian Huggins, English-Canadian journalist and actor (b. 1931)

2013 – Liu Kang, Chinese footballer and manager (b. 1961)

2013 – Ralph Klein, Canadian journalist and politician, 12th Premier of Alberta (b. 1942)

2013 – Art Phillips, Canadian businessman and politician, 32nd Mayor of Vancouver (b. 1930)

2014 – Marc Platt, American actor and dancer (b. 1913)

2014 – Ruth A. M. Schmidt, American geologist and paleontologist (b. 1916)

2015 – William Delafield Cook, Australian-English painter (b. 1926)

2015 – Gerry Hardstaff, English cricketer (b. 1940)

2016 – Patty Duke, American actress (b. 1946)

2017 – Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Russian physicist (b. 1928)

2019 – Agnès Varda, French film director (b. 1928).
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